The aim of emergency management is to continuously protect people, property / resources and the environment from evolving natural and human induced hazards.

Emergency Management

There are five dimensions in emergency management. For further information on Emergency Management Doctrine click here.

The purpose in writing Emergency Plans in advance is to ensure the Government can rapidly advise the public of the scope of any new hazard, and publicly issue a complete written plan to address the emergency. In this manner the public can see the entire plan, understand the phases of the plan and the steps which will be taken. Subsequently, the public understands their role in the Emergency Plan and the response to the pandemic will be coherent.

Click here to view an Eight-Point Pandemic Pivot Plan.

Click here to view Pandemic Plans from various Canadian Governments.



A Possible Template


An Emergency Management Plan (EMP), as a minimum, should contain:

  1. An Outline of the Situation Requiring the EMP including:
    1. Definitions for this particular EMP
    2. Threats/Hazards covered by this EMP
      1. Natural
      2. Human Induced
    3. Partners participating to resolve the threats/hazards, but who are not under the control of the organization who owns this plan. Normally Memorandums of Understanding (MOUs) for each list partner should be referenced or attached.
      1. International
      2. Federal Government
      3. Provincial / Territorial Government
      4. Municipal Government
      5. Private Sector
      6. Academic
      7. NGO
    4. Observers, Liaison Groups, attachments and detachments to/from the organization writing the plan, solely for the purpose of this plan.
    5. Governance for the life of this EMP (i.e., of this plan, not actions taken under the plan [as included in the final section of the EMP below])

  2. The Aim of the EMP
    1. Response to emergencies affecting the system (all parts) being protected.
    2. Limitations (internal) of the EMP Aim
    3. Restrictions (external) of the EMP Aim
    4. References for appropriate legislation / regulation / policy

  3. Action Plan for EMP
    1. General Concept
      1. Phases
        1. Before (Mitigation / Preparedness)
        2. Response (monitoring, assistance, intervention, complete control)
        3. Recovery
      2. Triggers to move between the phases and / or levels of response
    2. Specific Internal Groupings for EMP by phase
      1. Governance
      2. Emergency Operations
        1. Emergency Operational Center
        2. Situational Awareness
      3. Planning - internal / external; tactical, operational, strategic
      4. Training
      5. Administration / Logistics Support
      6. Financial Management
    3. Specific responsibilities and accountabilities, by internal grouping
      1. Before
        1. Governance
        2. Situational Awareness
        3. Operations
        4. Planning
        5. Administration / Logistics
        6. Education
        7. Training
      2. During Emergency Response
        1. Governance
        2. Situational Awareness
        3. Operations (by level)
          1. EOC
          2. Monitoring
          3. Assistance
          4. Intervention
          5. Complete Control
        4. Plans
          1. Tactical
          2. Preparing for transition between levels of response
          3. Preparing for transition between phases
        5. Training
        6. Administration / Logistics Support
        7. Financial Management
      3. Recovery
        1. Governance
        2. Situational Awareness
        3. Operational Step Down
        4. Long Term Plans
        5. Lessons Learned
    4. Coordination of activities
      1. Priorities of action - internal
      2. Internal Timelines
      3. Between internal groupings
      4. Between private sector and public sector partners
      5. Between regulatory agencies
      6. Between orders of government
      7. Between academia and other partners

  4. Support of EMP
    1. Internal
      1. Logistics support
      2. Administration support
      3. Financial Support
    2. External
      1. Logistics support - internal
      2. Administration support
      3. Financial support

  5. Command, Control and Communications
    1. Identification of Leadership
      1. By Phase
      2. Level of Response
    2. Definition of Forums, Requirements and Process for:
      1. Decision Making
      2. Information Sharing
    3. Communications
      1. Internal
      2. External
        1. With Partners
        2. With Stakeholders
        3. With Public at Large
      3. Identification of Requirements
      4. Identification of Systems
      5. Identification of Process
    4. Continuous Improvement Process
    5. Audit Process for the EMP